By Bruce M. Rowe
Provides a linguistic beginning for college students of all majors
Assisted through a number of pedagogical aids, A Concise creation to Linguistics, 4/e explains all innovations in a scientific manner making advanced linguistic issues as effortless to profit as attainable. This introductory identify covers the center issues of linguistics, supplying the data and ideas that might let scholars to appreciate extra distinct and complex remedies of linguistics. This student-friendly and well-balanced evaluate of the sphere of introductory linguistics can pay specific recognition to linguistic anthropology and divulges the most contributions of linguistics to the learn of human conversation and the way problems with tradition are correct. Its workbook layout comprises well-constructed routines in each bankruptcy that permit scholars to perform key concepts.
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For instance, the Clever Hans effect might be important in a child’s acquisition of language. If this were so, then the fact that the Clever Hans effect takes place with the apes would not be in itself a valid criticism of the conclusion that the apes are producing human language. Indeed, nonverbal cues are extremely important in human communication, often more important than speech. To assess the language-learning competence of apes, we must know much more about the process in human children. Only then could valid ape-child comparisons be made.
The Gardners chose American Sign Language (ASL or AMESLAN for short) as the channel to discover Washoe’s abilities. ASL is a system of signs made with the hands (see Chapter 9). Washoe was not to hear a word of English. The researchers communicated with her solely by using a modified form of ASL and by making chimpanzeelike noises. By 1975, Washoe had learned 160 signs that she, according to the Gardners, used accurately to describe objects, to ask and answer questions, to follow instructions, and to perform a wide range of communicative acts.
3. Language is one form of 4. Language is a code made up of a and a . 5. All codes have 6. A grammar refers to the rules for combining various types of linguistic elements. There are also rules for com. bining units of sound. The study of these rules is called deals with how words are constructed. How these words are combined into larger units is called . And the . study of meaning is called 7. Most of the rules of a language are known . 8. A person’s internalized knowledge of a language’s grammar and lexicon is called .