By Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas
Established to fulfill employers' wishes for low-wage farm employees, the well known Bracero application recruited millions of Mexicans to accomplish actual hard work within the usa among 1942 and 1964 in alternate for remittances despatched again to Mexico. As companions and family have been dispersed throughout nationwide borders, interpersonal relationships have been remodeled. The lengthy absences of Mexican employees, commonly males, pressured ladies and kids at domestic to inhabit new roles, create new identities, and focus on long-distance communique from fathers, brothers, and sons.
Drawing on a rare diversity of assets, Ana Elizabeth Rosas uncovers a formerly hidden historical past of transnational family members existence. Intimate and private stories are printed to teach how Mexican immigrants and their households weren't passive sufferers yet as a substitute stumbled on how one can embody the spirit (abrazando el espíritu) of creating and imposing tricky judgements pertaining to their family...
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Additional resources for Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border
These strategies and expenditures provided Mexican immigrant families with incentives to remain committed to their transnational family and their economic relationships with it, and to persevere through difficult situations, but did not protect them against alienation in US and Mexican society. The Bracero Program and restrictive immigration policies targeting ethnic Mexicans—like the Internal Security Act, the Walter-McCarran Act, and Operation Wetback—escalated class, ethnic, and racial tensions among and between braceros, undocumented Mexican immigrants, longtime Mexican immigrants of varying legal statuses, and Mexican Americans, all of whom competed for employment in the US agricultural industry.
Dr. Sanchez’s brilliantly expansive investigation and teaching of the Chicana/o experience reaffirmed for me that becoming a Chicana historian was not only possible but worthwhile. More concretely, since day one, Dr. Sanchez refused to give up on me or on what would become my publication of this history. With unparalleled high standards and humanity, he mentored me through my participation in USC’s Ronald E. McNair Scholars Program; a cruel first year of graduate study at USC; USC’s Ahmanson Foundation’s Fellowship Program; USC’s first dissertation workshop in the Department of American Studies and Ethnicity; a Latina/o Studies Fellowship from the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History; a Doctoral Fellowship from the Ford Foundation; and a fellowship from Stanford University’s Bill Lane Center for the Study of the West.
Special Immigration and the Management of the Mexican Family, 1949–1959 PART TWO: LOVE AND LONGING 4. Government Censorship of Family Communication, 1942–1964 5. In Painful Silence: The Untold Emotional Work of Long-Distance Romantic Relationships and Marriages, 1957–1964 6. Hidden from History: Photo Stories of Love PART THREE: DECISIVE MEASURES 7. Awake Houses and Mujeres Intermediarias (Intermediary Women), 1958–1964 8. Ejemplar y sín Igual (Exemplary and without Equal): The Loss of Childhood, 1942–1964 9.